Friday, 25 September 2020

Libya Conflict and Solution

4 September 2020 

Greece, Italy, and France in Libya and Europe.

The fight is continuing in Libya between GNA (Government of National Accord) and Haftar's forces. Turkey drones changed the situation. Germany says Libya can be second Syria. UN recognized government rejects peaceful process now. There is a proxy war going on in Libya. 48 billion barrels of oil are in Libya. Nationalism is a scapegoat for many politicians during Coronavirus and economic downfall. (Listen 17:53).

GNA - Italy, Qatar, Turkey, and UN ( Revolutionary forces) (Left Libyan forces)

Haftar - Egypt, France, Russia, Saudi Arabia (KSA), UAE (Counter-Revolutionary Forces)

30 August 2020

"Tensions are rising as countries compete for control of oil and gas reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean. On August 18, Turkey dispatched a drilling ship flanked by navy vessels to an area off the coast of Cyprus, deepening its disputes with Cyprus and Greece. A war of words could spiral out of control as Greece and France send their warships to the contested region. But carving up the riches of the Mediterranean could prove to be a costly mistake. A Lebanese exploration well has come up dry, oil companies have delayed drilling, and many nations are switching to renewables. Could this mean some countries miss out on the oil and gas bonanza? Plus, does the crisis-hit World Trade Organization need a Brexiteer to run it?"

Look at graph 2:19

8 August 2020

"Russian mercenary groups have enabled renegade military commander Khalifa Hafter, who is based in eastern Libya, to blockade the country's oil exports, starving the country of much-needed money. Moscow's backing of Haftar, a former CIA asset, has increased tensions with the United States. In addition, Russian private military contractors are active in 16 African nations. So how is the country paying for its overseas wars? Also, on Counting the Cost: Currency crisis, debt default, hyperinflation, and poverty - Lebanon was in economic and political paralysis long before the devastating explosion in Beirut. With corruption rife, is it time for a Marshall Fund? Plus, we discuss weaponizing data and disinformation to manipulate elections. Hostile nations are using artificial intelligence to get past social media defenses." 

22 June 2020

"The battle lines of Libya's civil war are changing quickly. A few weeks ago, Khalifa Haftar's forces were on the outskirts of the capital Tripoli, battling to remove the UN-recognised Government of National Accord. But the warlord's campaign failed, and he's been in retreat since. GNA troops, reinforced by military support from Turkey, are pushing towards Haftar's power base in the oil-rich south and east. Egypt, one of Haftar's foreign backers, is threatening to send in its soldiers if GNA fighters attack the strategic city of Sirte. Could Egypt and Turkey go to war and further complicate the Libyan conflict?" Presenter: Imran Khan

8 June 2020 

"Warlord Khalifa Haftar announced several offensives in his drive to take full control of Libya. Russia, Egypt, and the UAE supported him. Everything was going well for him until last month. He suffered major blows in his battle to capture the capital Tripoli. And his plan to unseat the UN-recognised government based there collapsed. Haftar's military losses were accelerated by Turkey's military intervention in support of government forces. Haftar has long resisted compromise, but now he's ready to talk. He's accepted a ceasefire plan proposed by his ally, the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi, that would start on Monday. It would include foreign fighters leaving Libya. But will this proposal even be considered?" Presenter: Laura Brennan

29 May 2020 

"In Libya, forces loyal to renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar have been forced to retreat as the UN-recognised government has been making rapid gains. The two sides have been fighting for control of the west since April 2019. Airpower has been a key factor in this conflict. Al Jazeera's Alex Gatopoulos explains."

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

India China Dispute - Laddakh and Tibet

21 October 2021 

China and Bhutan agree on border dispute. BBC reports "गुरुवार 14 अक्टूबर को चीन और भूटान के विदेश मंत्रियों ने वीडियो कांफ्रेंसिंग के ज़रिए एक बैठक की और दोनों देशो के बीच कई वर्षों से चल रहे सीमा विवादों को सुलझाने के लिए एक थ्री-स्टेप रोडमैप के समझौते पर दस्तख़त किए. ये समझौता डोकलाम ट्राई-जंक्शन पर भारत और चीन की सेनाओं के बीच 73 दिनों तक चले गतिरोध के चार साल बाद हुआ है. डोकलाम में गतिरोध तब शुरू हुआ था जब चीन ने उस इलाक़े में एक ऐसी जगह सड़क बनाने की कोशिश की थी, जिस पर भूटान का दावा था. इस समझौते पर भारत के विदेश मंत्रालय के प्रवक्ता अरिंदम बागची ने कहा, "हमने आज भूटान और चीन के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन (एमओयू) पर हस्ताक्षर किए जाने को नोट किया है. आप जानते हैं कि भूटान और चीन 1984 से सीमा वार्ता कर रहे हैं. भारत भी इसी तरह चीन के साथ सीमा वार्ता कर रहा है." 


Read the history of conflict and actively participate in drawing the dotted line, yellow line, green and blue line. Ambitions of China to be a world power.

16 September 2020

15 September 2020 

The history of Laddakh is explained by Aaj Tak. India and China are facing each other in Ladakh since May 2020. China took over Tibet and want to occupy Ladakh. China has already taken the Sin Kai Chin area of Pak Occupied Kashmir due to the failure of Congress's government.  

History of Blue, green and dotted lines explained many centuries before.

13 September 2020

Sonam Wangchuk explains about Ladakh. 

Hudson Institute dated 12 September 2020. informs political, cultural, historical factors of the Himalayan region. Bhutan could deal better with Chinese soldiers with drinks and food only. War is not the only solution. One can deal with other options. Xi is under pressure now. China is under economic problems. The market situation may not ease position with China export market. This may affect China. US pressure is mounting on him. CPC may replace Xi Jin Ping. A large number of Chinese have parked their money in the US, Canada, and other countries. 

The Ladakh Standoff and the next phase of India and China relations were explained by four senior journalists. Moscow talk is going on. Not even an inch can be given to India, said China. Both sides have taken a very decisive talk. Two passes are important to us. First, China wants to cut off the area of Damchok. There is no chance of negotiations. Second, temporarily calling for a ceasefire and waiting for talks of foreign ministers. Practically it may remain unresolved. A lot of emotions are being built. The funeral of a Tibetan boy is evoking sentiments. That is quite scary. The hysterical period is scary. We should have an open mind. If that is broken, then we may be heading towards an unknown chart. We have some boundary perception, and there is no understanding. There are British maps. Local map informed about 1899. It divides Lucksung. We used to go there to collect salt. Chinese have not rejected that line. Macate line or Macdonald line. LAC has gone through a lot of changes. It can not be done unilaterally. 

After the 31st of August, rules are changed. When Tensing was martyred, then the situation has changed. It may add to a proxy war. We have opened the Tibet card. This was kept secret. My area is becoming a fight zone. Chinese are adding conflict between Tibetan and Ladakh sides. Tibetan forces are from our side, and China shall also play. On both sides, Tibetans may fight. 

China started now the Arunachal area. China is creating another area. China is talking about now the Nari Kingdom. Historically Ladakh was part of the Tibetan dynasty. Some new ethnic connections are being built. Ladakh is part of the Nari Kingdom. Guge kingdom historically, we are part of that kingdom. New challenges for analysts are emerging between history, ethnicity, the historical rift is being created. PLA may also deploy more Tibetan people. It may affect the total Himalayan region. Territorial issues are also being discussed.

Dr. Ranapa: What do you think Bejing's intentions are? Firstly after Jin Shing took over, we see new aggressive policies. April 2013, there was some intrusion. Within two weeks, that incident was resolved. That newspaper stated that how Ladakh was China's area. Reposition of unequal treaties on Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh. My reading is the manner the Chinese came to our borders. They have deployed on long LAC. It is larger. They are building forces. It has been cleared from the top. Planning was initiated around 2018 -19. They have started preparations and conducting military exercises in Tibet. They did not expect that India will match. It means that it frustrates China's long agenda. They decided to secure investment in Siachin and POK area. They may start a war. It is on a very razor edge. We captured ten heights on 7 September. When the Chinese fired, and we also fired back. Casualties of one death of Tibetan forces. It may involve Tibetan. It may send a message to Tibetan that Panchannama is there. Tibetan conference has come out against the Chinese. After the Galwan incident, the Pangur gap near Trishul - ideal for tank war. Meetings that have been held between defense ministers in Moscow are important. He is already on the way out. Defense Minister of India has more role. China's defense minister came with a script. Now there may be foreign minister meetings. Here again, they will come with a prepared text. I say again that China has come with a bigger agenda. We have also countered in all the areas. Xi Jin Ping is also criticized. It may lead to many purges in China. Security of Jin Ping is briefed up. Even he does not know how to come out of this situation. Face-saving options are being discussed. He has deceived us. So we should not be deceived.

Third speaker: Indian domestic politics. There are many perceptions in India. I go from 1949 to 1952. It was evident for a long time. There were many intrusions at that time. China is telling India that you must act according to CPEC. CPEC is passing through POK. It is China Pakistan Economic Corridor, and it is not China Kashmir Economic Order. The alliance is between China and Pakistan. Pakistan has already handed over a lot of areas to China. Pakistan army is Wahabi armed forces. 

China is looking for Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh. India will totally be dependent on the water in China. India has committed many mistakes. We do not know what help we may get from the US, UK, etc. Chinese publications in small areas are preaching to India. They want a neutral India. Their target is the US. They know if the US and India join together. Look at General's treaty. Do not look at lawyer treaties. China wants to humiliate India. India is not Japan, UK, France, etc. It is a repeat of the 1980s. The US has helped China a lot. China was never an ally of the US. But China got a lot of help from the US. Chinese were very focused on beating Indians in the economics and IT sector. Chinese are very subtle people. We are protected from war with the US. 2017 I met significant people in China. I was presented with a book. We are in a protected war with the US. Mao Says, "Eliminate those who can say that we can win easily, those who say we can win easily throw them out, Eliminate those who say we can lose, we are ever going to lose (47:30)" Moscow meeting is nothing. Facts on the grounds are that we are at war. Making them (enemy) what we want to do. Constraining China is very important. More and more people say that. India is a unique type of alliance. We love Israelis. Indian culture and Jewish culture survived many atrocities. We need Iran, and you also need Iran. Supply chain in India to be made. Our prime minister is also enthusiastic. Xi went to Nepal. Chinese is taking all parts of Pakistan. Give us the tools. The entire Himalayas comes under democracies. It is essential. US and India can do it together.

China wants to take over the Himalayan region. Ladakh is on the plate of China. We do not find any solution regarding this. My economy is gone. Start selling Ladakh salt. It is crucial. Ladakh is a very fashionable issue. I agree with Dr. Paranalapa. Power, as well as the historical center, is thinking of China. Tibetan, Mangole and Ladakh, and Chines are together. There may be political issues. They are going deeper into it. South China sea, it is the Manchu world. Manchu empire - they are going into history and geographical, cultural, and historical issues. It is a very nuanced issue. British understood better than we understand. We do not understand the Chinese mind. Chinese third impression of dominance. Consistency of thinking, 70 years we overlooked China. My land has gone. We do not have any say in India. My knowledge may not be understood by others. I know better to deal with Tibetan as I know. They have the same perception as Ladakhi. Bhutan is dealing well with China. Bhutan has adopted gift practices. They are corrupt. We must deal with it asymmetrically. China's threat was known for long.

CNBC report dated 11 July 2020