“In Xi’s vision, a unified and resurgent China would be on par with or would surpass the United States.” And, in contrast to the imperfect but indisputably liberal foundation of the post–World War II system, Xi’s order is built on institutions, laws, and technologies that “reinforce state control, limit individual freedoms, and constrain open markets.”
17 November 2021
Comparison between Russia and China - Both are communist countries but are different. Difference is explained by Study IQ education. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PzlgLWpvPUM
20 October 2021
Do we need borders? What is the difference between refugees and immigrants? BBC reports. People discuss the issue but do not conceptualize the Indian way of living in a multi-ethnic and language and economic system. Consider the development of Bihar / West Bengal and Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Kerala, Tamilnadu etc.
11 October 2021 Historical Memory
This book talks about democracy in India. I do not agree. But one can learn new language to talk about emotions. Some quotes are added Seema Chisti reviews this book. Enclosed some highlights to understand and read in detail. [Harsh and dark phrases are usually deployed to signal the end of democracy, but Debasish Roy Chowdhury and John Keane refreshingly use history, marshal facts and weave a complex and compelling narrative on why India’s democracy stands at a dangerous crossroad.]
[Roy and Keane invoke Periyar’s worldview, of the essence of democracy being equality and freedom for each of its members. It is not limited to elections where “bread and fish” secure votes and sap the system of its essence. A “well-functioning democracy requires a special kind of social life. Democracy is freedom from hunger, humiliation and violence... It’s freedom from fear and the right not to be killed. It’s equal access to decent medical care and sympathy for those who have fallen behind. Democracy is a learned sense of worldly wonder. It’s the everyday ability to handle unexpected situations wisely. It’s the rejection of the dogma that things can’t be changed because they’re ‘naturally’ fixed in stone.”]
This is not too far from Dr. Ambedkar’s warning in an interview to the BBC in 1953 that the authors quote. Frustrated by opposition to his plans to reform Hindu personal laws, he did not think much of the chances of Indian democracy surviving “for the simple reason that we have got a social structure which is totally incompatible with parliamentary democracy.”
[Keane’s The New Despotism on ills plaguing several democracies including India was valuable in understanding the contemporary crises, where he argued that elections and popular will were being used to conjure up support for despotic and authoritarian rule. This, he argued, was not just an imposition. A significant section of the population was willingly supporting the despot.]
[Democracy is ultimately “insubordination: the refusal to put up with everyday forms of snobbery and toad-eating, idolatry and lying, bullshit and bullying.” The problem that the reader is left with is, can this be done in the absence of social democracy? As the authors conclude, “if despotism replaces democracy then this isn’t because despotic power is somehow inevitable, but because citizens allow it to happen.” Citizens will have to be the proverbial Atticus Finch to prevent the killing of India’s democracy.]
14 September 2021 - Terrorism
I am interested in creating a welfare world. Scandinavia, Europe, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand states have welfare systems of different types. All states must provide free education, free medical aid, and comfortable housing to all citizens of the welfare world.
वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम and सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनाः (the world is our family and all should be healthy, happy and comfortable). I found that there is no suitable word in English for Sukhi hona.
How can we unite the people of the world? I am still discussing this with political leaders and academics.
I am convinced that democracy is the reasonable and rational method to govern humanity. Non-violence is an essential tool to achieve democracy in non-democratic countries.
War causes genocide, mass killing, migration, hunger, rape, in other words, suffering to humanity. My dissertation aims to achieve and maintain peace, for peace provides sustainable growth, prosperity, and happiness. If we follow John Rawls's veil of ignorance and ask people of the world, I am sure that all may like to live in peace and prosperity.
But the question is how to achieve peace for the people of the world, who are 9 billion in number with different cultures, colors, races, and goals. Some are rich, educated, cooperative, generous, hardworking, nonviolent, democratic, and others are selfish, illiterate, jealous, power-hungry, rogue, and believe political power comes out of the barrel of a gun or with modern technology and weapons of mass destruction. Asymmetric war and hidden greed of war industries are tearing all boundaries of nation-states. Due to this conflicting nature, humanity lost 865 million fellow human beings from 1945 to 1990.
Nothing can be achieved individually. There should be teamwork and organization. It involves politics. Administrative reforms can tackle these politics and small conflicts. But what about the personality clash between state leaders and the power politics of corrupt political leaders in the states. The Westphalian system, league of nations, and United Nations failed to bring peace and prosperity to humankind. In Afghanistan United Nations, the British, Russia, the US with European powers could not bring peace and democracy. What should be the solution under new world conditions?
James Madison rightly said, “If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”
As of today, we all are dependent on each other. The world has shrunk to a small family. Information travels faster than light and in many directions.The world is spending a lot of money to maintain the sanctity of national boundaries. But states are independent. The environment is degrading. United Nations failed in managing sustainable industrial and population growth. Urbanization is causing social problems. Fear of nuclear war by AI Robots and Thucydides' phenomena may cause a conflict of unheard damage to humanity.
That is why it is essential to study the governing political methods adopted by India, China, and Europe. I shall research the governance structure adopted by MNCs. My dissertation shall explain, should humanity adopt a Unipolar, bipolar or multipolar world? Are[JD1] there any peaceful methods to achieve a unipolar world? Even if we achieve peace, how long can we maintain that peace? I hope my dissertation shall answer the said questions. One should think beyond and create a new political system for a new welfare world for the next generation.